Targeted sequencing of SMO and AKT1 in anterior skull base meningiomas (2016)

Meningiomas located in the skull base are surgically challenging. Recent genomic research has identified oncogenic SMOand AKT1 mutations in a small subset of meningiomas. METHODS The authors performed targeted sequencing in a large cohort of patients with anterior skull base meningiomas (n = 62) to better define the frequency of SMO and AKT1 mutations in these tumors. RESULTS The authors found SMO mutations in 7 of 62 (11%) and AKT1 mutations in 12 of 62 (19%) of their cohort. Of the 7 meningiomas with SMO mutations, 6 (86%) occurred in the olfactory groove. Meningiomas with an SMO mutation presented with significantly larger tumor volume (70.6 ± 36.3 cm3) compared with AKT1-mutated (18.2 ± 26.8 cm3) and wild-type (22.7 ± 23.9 cm3) meningiomas, respectively. CONCLUSIONS Combined, these data demonstrate clinically actionable mutations in 30% of anterior skullbase meningiomas and suggest an association between SMO mutation status and tumor volume. Genotyping of SMO and AKT1 is likely to be high yield in anterior skull base meningiomas with available surgical tissue.